Sunday, July 26, 2020

Klonopin Withdrawal Symptoms, Timeline, and Treatment

Klonopin Withdrawal Symptoms, Timeline, and Treatment Addiction Drug Use Prescription Medications Print How Long Does Withdrawal From Klonopin Last? By Corinne O’Keefe Osborn linkedin Corinne Osborn is an award-winning health and wellness journalist with a background in substance abuse, sexual health, and psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Corinne O’Keefe Osborn Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on November 26, 2018 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 05, 2020 More in Addiction Drug Use Prescription Medications Cocaine Heroin Marijuana Meth Ecstasy/MDMA Hallucinogens Opioids Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery In This Article Table of Contents Expand Overview Signs and Symptoms Coping and Relief Warnings Long-Term Treatment Resources View All Back To Top Klonopin (clonazepam) is a medication commonly prescribed for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia. It is intended for short-term use. This is because, after about several weeks, most people develop a physical dependence. When someone is dependent on a drug like Klonopin, it means they will experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking it or reduce their dose. Klonopin withdrawal symptoms can last for days to weeks and in some cases longer. They may begin within hours of the drug leaving your system and may come and go at times. Klonopin withdrawal typically includes a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, such as anxiety and irritation. In some cases, symptoms can include life-threatening seizures. Overview Klonopin is a member of a family of drugs called benzodiazepines, or more simply, benzos. Benzos, including Valium (diazepam) and Xanax (alprazolam), are among the most commonly prescribed medications in the country. According to national survey data, nearly 30 million people used them in 2015.?? Some people take benzos exactly, or almost exactly, as directed by their physician. Others acquire them illegally or intentionally take them more often, or in larger doses than they are supposed to. It doesn’t actually matter too much which type of Klonopin user you are. That’s because anyone taking benzos for longer than three to four weeks, even people taking them exactly as directed, can experience withdrawal symptoms. Among people using benzos for more than six months, about 40 percent will experience moderate-to-severe withdrawal symptoms. The other 60 percent will still have symptoms, but they will be far milder.?? The symptoms of Klonopin withdrawal are similar to alcohol withdrawal. You can expect to feel edgy, irritated, and flu-ish. These symptoms may come and go. Symptoms that may have originally driven you to start taking Klonopin, such as anxiety and insomnia, may come back with a vengeance. Unfortunately, it is impossible to predict exactly how Klonopin withdrawal will affect you. Even if you’ve gone through it before, your next time could be completely different. Generally speaking, the severity of your symptoms will depend on the amount of Klonopin you’re currently taking, how long you’ve been taking it, and whether you’re mixing it with other drugs or alcohol. How Long Do Benzodiazepines Stay in Your System? Signs and Symptoms Klonopin is a long-acting benzodiazepine and its half-life is about 30 to 40 hours. This means that it can take a while for the signs and symptoms of withdrawal to begin. Klonopin withdrawal symptoms can start anywhere from two to seven days after your last dose. According to experts at the World Health Organization (WHO), acute symptoms typically continue, on and off, for two to eight weeks.?? Klonopin withdrawal causes both physical and emotional symptoms. These symptoms can vary considerably from person to person, based on several contributing factors. Factors that may impact your withdrawal experience include: Your current Klonopin doseHow long you’ve been taking itHow many times you’ve increased your doseWhether you regularly mix it with other drugs (opioids, stimulants) or alcoholWhether you mix it with other benzos or z-drugs (Ambien)Your age and physical healthThe severity of your mental health problemsThe current state of your mental healthYour history of drug and alcohol abuse  Your previous withdrawal experiences   The acute withdrawal stage begins in the days following your last dose. Acute symptoms can be intense, and even dangerous for some people. Other people may find their symptoms to be more uncomfortable than intense. Symptoms can be broken down into two general categories, those relating to your physical health and those relating to your mental health. Physical manifestations of benzo withdrawal can include: HyperventilationTroubled sleeping (nightmares, waking in the night)Muscle spasmsLoss of appetiteWeight lossSweatingHeadachesTremorsDizziness or unsteadinessMuscle aches and painsBlurred vision or other visual disturbancesExtreme sensitivity to lightTinnitus (ringing in the ears or hearing a sound that isn’t really there)Grand mal seizures The psychological symptoms of Klonopin withdrawal can include: AnxietyIrritability and agitationInsomniaPanic attacksRestlessness  NightmaresStrange bodily sensationsDepressionStrange perceptual changes (things touch, taste, or feel different)Problems concentratingTrouble remembering thingsDelusionsConfusionAuditory or visual hallucinationsDeliriumFeelings of unrealityDistorted body image Rebound Symptoms Rebound symptoms are also common. These are symptoms of underlying disorders that the Klonopin may have been keeping under control. If you originally began taking Klonopin to treat the symptoms of an anxiety disorder, those symptoms might come back. In the first few days of withdrawal, rebound symptoms can be more severe than they used to be. Unfortunately, this often intimidates people into giving up their withdrawal attempts too soon. Protracted Withdrawal The second stage of Klonopin withdrawal, which is known as protracted withdrawal or post-acute withdrawal, is a syndrome that can last anywhere from months to over a year. But don’t freak out just yet. These symptoms definitely don’t happen to everyone. When they do, they are very different from acute withdrawal. Symptoms may include lingering depression, anxiety, and agitation. How Long Should You Expect Drug Withdrawal Symptoms to Last? Coping and Relief The best way to successfully quit Klonopin is to follow a slow tapering schedule. Tapering, which means gradually reducing your dose over time, is also the best way of preventing severe withdrawal symptoms. It’s tempting to want to quit cold turkey as soon as you find the motivation or desire to do so, but it’s in your best interest to resist this temptation. In fact, the longer you draw out your Klonopin taper, the less likely you are to experience any withdrawal symptoms at all. Tapering your Klonopin dose is a way of tricking your body into thinking it’s not in withdrawal. It is not an exact science, which means your tapering schedule should be updated as you go along. You will need to work closely with a doctor who can adjust your dose every few days or weeks, as necessary. If your withdrawal symptoms become too much to handle, your doctor can slow down the taper and even increase your dose. The dose reductions are so small though, that you may not even notice them after the first couple of weeks. If you are currently in Klonopin withdrawal, there are a few things you can do to find relief. First and foremost is to find the help of a professional. Other ways to reduce your discomfort and make withdrawal easier include the following: If you are tapering on your own, give your bottle of pills to someone you trust. Have them dispense them to you one (or one half) at a time.If it’s alright with your doctor, you can treat headaches and muscle aches with over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers.Talk to your doctor about natural anti-anxiety and anti-nausea options, like CBD oil.Explain yourself to loved ones and roommates. Ask that they cut you some slack if you become easily agitated or annoyed.Try a natural sleep aid, like melatonin or a soothing sound machine.Get as much exercise as possible. This will help you burn off your restlessness and calm your mind.Start exploring new methods of relaxation. Consider meditation, yoga, or a warm bath.     Warnings One of the big things to understand about withdrawing from benzos is that relapse is common. This is particularly true for high-dose users and people with other substance abuse problems. Fortunately, the risk of relapse can be mitigated by proper detox planning and support. Grand Mal Seizure Risk Klonopin withdrawal can lead to several dangerous medical events, such as grand mal seizures. These grand mal seizures, which tend to occur by day 10 after abrupt discontinuation, can come out of nowhere, with no earlier signs of withdrawal. While they are rare, doctors are not always able to predict who might be affected. Some people are at increased risk of withdrawal complications: Seniors: Older adults are particularly vulnerable. During Klonopin withdrawal, seniors are at risk of falls. They also have an increased risk of delirium and confusion.Pregnant women: Pregnant women also face additional risks when withdrawing from benzos. The impact of benzodiazepines on fetal health is not well understood. Case reports suggest that babies exposed to benzos in utero may be born early, have a low birth weight, or have a cleft lip.??People with psychiatric disorders: People with a history of psychiatric issues are at increased risk of withdrawal complications. If you struggled with a panic disorder prior to your Klonopin use, you are more likely than other people to have a panic attack during withdrawal. A history of psychosis and suicidality may also pose increased risks.Polydrug users: If you regularly mix Klonopin with other drugs or alcohol, you may be at increased risk of complications. Detoxing from several drugs at once can lead to unpredictable symptoms.People with a history of complications: Your past experiences with withdrawal may be a good indicator of your risk of complications. If you have experienced dangerous side effects like seizures or delusions when you were withdrawing from benzos or other drugs in the past, then you’ll want to take precautions.   To improve your chances of success, it is important for you to develop a detox and withdrawal plan. Experts at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), advise starting with inpatient detox treatment or making a commitment to stay in contact with your primary care doctor.   This can be a challenge for some people. Inpatient treatment programs can be very expensive and aren’t always covered by insurance. Most people have access to a primary care doctor or health clinic that can help them develop a taper schedule, but you really have to be committed to the process. This can be hard for people without the time or ability to make multiple office visits. Ideally, tapering involves visiting your doctor at least once per week and following up with phone calls in between. Long-Term Treatment The long-term success of Klonopin withdrawal depends on a successful taper. Some studies suggest that when done in conjunction with psychotherapy (talk therapy), benzo withdrawals are more successful. Other studies show that the results are about the same.?? If you are struggling with psychological or addiction issues, therapy is a primary component of long-term healing. Without therapy, people struggling with addiction often relapse. The ideal duration of your taper will depend on several factors, including your starting dose and your primary goals. Studies in primary care settings have found that a gradual taper over the course of at least 10 weeks is most successful.?? Some people continue their taper for a year or more.   There is no universal tapering rate. The research suggests that, generally speaking, slower tapers are more successful.?? If you are doing a slow taper, your doctor will only reduce your dose every two or three weeks, and the reductions will be small. People taking high doses of benzos may start with a quicker taper and slow down once a lower dose has been achieved.   Most people will have a primary goal of abstinence, but this is not always the case. In certain situations, such as advanced age, the goal is a dose reduction. People who have been taking Klonopin therapeutically for many years are often on very high doses. This happens because people develop a tolerance to the drug, in which the same dose is unable to produce the effects it used to. Tapering helps reset your tolerance level so that you no longer need such a high, sedating dose. Outcomes Quitting benzos is hard but worth it for most people. One recent study followed patients for a full year after they began their benzo taper. Compared to how they were on day one, researchers noticed the following:Improved moodsImproved memoryBetter concentrationDecreased fatigueBetter ability to perform everyday activitiesThe absence of initial withdrawal symptoms Resources If you are interested in stopping or reducing your Klonopin intake, then the best place to start is with your primary care doctor. If you don’t have a primary care doctor, but you do have health insurance, check your insurance company’s website for a list of providers. If you do not have health insurance, you can go to a community clinic in your area. Community clinics will treat you, regardless of your ability to pay. To find a community health center near you, use this search directory from U.S. Health Resource and Services Administration. A Word From Verywell Klonopin withdrawal is no picnic. In fact, people who have withdrawn from both benzos and opioids often say that benzo withdrawal was the worse. But this stage passes. Soon enough, you will realize how much of yourself was lost to Klonopin. At that point, you will start to feel like your old self again. You may even realize just how much you actually liked that person.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Analysis Of The Book Alice s Adventures - 1773 Words

In 2010, in partnership with the Walt Disney, Tim Burton arranged to recreate the classic tale â€Å"Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland†, a famous English storybook written by Lewis Carroll in 1865. Burton’s adaptation of Carroll’s original tale takes quite a few liberties in order to make a more connected message of growth and renewal he believed was needed in order to enhance the story of Alice. The character Alice extracted from such classic tale and the alike lends herself to an interesting discussion relating to feminism and contemporary ideology. It can be said that Lewis Carroll’s â€Å"Alice Adventures in Wonderland† laid a foundation of the feminist Alice while Tim Burton enhanced Alice into becoming a feminist martyr in the film â€Å"Alice in Wonderland†. Even though Burton’s Alice is still trying to find her identity while traveling â€Å"Underland†, she has transformed into a stronger more heroic version of the original Alice. Burton’s adaptation of Lewis Carroll’s original tale takes quite a few liberties in order to make a more cohesive message of progress he believed was needed in order to enhance Carroll’s tale. The plot of â€Å"Alice in Wonderland† still follows Alice Kingsleigh (Mia Wasikowska) as the protagonist but focuses on her later years as it attempts to incorporate film and book. Alice in Wonderland takes place in Victorian England a time where a youthful woman’s career was to be innocent, virtuous and ignorant of intellectual opinion. Alice, at the prime age of 19, isShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book Alice s Adventures 1293 Words   |  6 PagesAlice’s Adventures in Wonderland is a novel by Charles Dodgson, better known under the pseudonym of Lewis Carroll to his readers. Published in 1865, the novel centers around a young girl’s lively adventures in a fantastical dream world. She falls into this world after she sees a rabbit with a pocket watch and waistcoat running through her yard and then follows him down a rabbit hole. Although marketed as a children’s story, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland has remained a mainstay with child renRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Alice s Adventures 824 Words   |  4 Pagesmost are familiar with the story of Alice in Wonderland. Admittedly, most are more familiar with the Disney movie, than the actual book. The movie and book are captivating in their imagination, and bare some striking similarities. The movie and the book have many differences. The movie has a different medium and can convey differently than the book. In 1951, Disney, a company well-known for animating favorite fairy tales, animated the well-loved story of Alice who fell down the rabbit hole and intoRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Alice s Adventures Essay2076 Words   |  9 PagesAlice’s Adventures AnnaMarie Bethune Northeast Alabama Community College Enraged from the recent conversation with her aunt and uncle, Alice storms out the door. Headed to her usual spot beneath the old Willow near the edge of the forest, she runs full speed down the hill, hopefully relieving some of her anger. As she stops at the edge of the forest, book in hand, now sitting, she can’t help but notice her veins flooding with adrenaline. She’s so mad she can’t sit still. Alice jumps upRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Alice s Adventures 1882 Words   |  8 Pages Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland outline Introduction In the year 1865, Lewis. C. Carroll published a Novel titled, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. This novel tells the story of a girl named Alice who enters a bizarre world called Wonderland, which she initially cannot comprehend because she lacks knowledge of this world and her place in it, Thus, Alice takes a journey through this world to understand both it and herself. SomeRead MoreThe Big And Small Of It All2443 Words   |  10 PagesCarroll Carroll 6 The Big and Small of It All Lewis Carroll?s novel, Alice?s Adventures in Wonderland, has captivated readers for decades. From England?s Victorian Age to the present-day, Carroll?s work remains a priceless treasure for all who have fallen in love with Alice and become immersed in the world of Wonderland. Although Lewis Carroll?s Alice?s Adventures in Wonderland is classified as children?s fantasy, the novel also explores the difficulties adolescents face as they mature, includingRead MoreAlice s Wonderland, By Lewis Carroll1659 Words   |  7 Pagesin the night? Let me think: was I the same when I got up this morning? I almost think I can remember feeling a little different. But if I m not the same, the next question is, who in the world am I? Ah, THAT S the great puzzle! † (Carroll) This quote is from the author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll. He was man that had a passion for many different professions and hobbies. Carroll did not let one profession define him. Every day he decided who he wanted to be and how he was goingRead MoreExamples Of Marxism In Alices Adventures In Wonderland2067 Words   |  9 Pagestoday s society, the Marxist principle is more right than relevant, therefore, the point is to bring a revolution to create a perfect utopian society as there seems to be no significant adjustments in the 21st century. Though the monarch system seems rather concluded, the ruling class in present societies continues to maintain its power over the working class with its intellectual ideas and by suggesting common beliefs that are shared amongst all the citizens of the society. In Alice s AdventuresRead MoreThemes And Explanations Of Tasmania s Museum Of Old And New Art s New Exhibit The Red Queen1331 Words   |  6 PagesBroody â€Æ' â€Å"IF I HAD A WORLD OF MY OWN, EVERYTHING WOULD BE NONSENSE. NOTHING WOULD BE WHAT IT IS, BECAUSE EVERYTHING WOULD BE WHAT IT ISN T. AND CONTRARY WISE, WHAT IS, IT WOULDN T BE. AND WHAT IT WOULDN T BE, IT WOULD. YOU SEE?† ALICE - LEWIS CARROL (ALICE S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS QUOTES, N.D.) This essay will explore the themes and explanations of Tasmania’s Museum of Old and New Art’s new exhibit ‘The Red Queen’ and a chosen piece, ‘Deluxe Suicide Service’, 1994;Read MoreJ. M. Barrie s Peter Pan And Lewis Carroll s Alice s Adventure Essay2118 Words   |  9 PagesJ. M. Barrie’s Peter Pan and Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland-Comparison Analysis In what follows is a comparison analysis from the original historical text of, J.M Barrie’s Peter Pan and Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland that have both been adapted to film providing examples of similarities as well as the differences. Firstly, J.M. Barrie’s Peter Pan and Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland are both children’s literature which resonates with children asRead More «Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland »7735 Words   |  31 PagesMINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE IVAN FRANKO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF LVIV ENGLISH DEPARTMENT LEXICAL AND STYLISTIC DEVICES IN LEWIS CAROLL’S NOVEL  «ALICE’S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND » COURSE PAPER PRESENTED BY

Friday, May 8, 2020

It is too Quiet in the After - 2618 Words

The After Its too quiet. That was my first thought as I was aroused from my sleep on the first night. That silence, that eerie, distilled silence was what had woken me up. It was three o’clock in the morning and it was too quiet. There was no rustling of dead leaves in the wind, the constant blaring of my uncle’s flat screen TV was for the first time not seeping through the cracks of my bedroom walls, and my parent’s screaming voices where finally silent after years of arguing. Even the white noise from the broken radio that my grandmother refused to turn off because she claimed that my grandfather spoke to her through the chorus of static had finally ended. But that silence, that delightfully relieving silence was wrong somehow and I couldn’t put my finger on it. As I lay there in my bed, I noticed that this silence wasn’t normal. Its flavor was all wrong, it tasted slightly sweet yet to only have a bitter after-taste that left you will a foul odo r and lingered on the tip of your tongue and crept up your nose, kind of like when you smelled decaying flesh or the lingering scent of infection. It was not only quiet but cold and dark as well. It was too cold for the hot and steamy month of June. The chilly air was raw and jagged, like crisp snow on broken bones and the dark seeped into my white bedroom like bleeding ink on parchment paper. The only source of light was the faint grayish hue that the moon had casted, but even that was slowly melting away. Curious and aShow MoreRelatedComp Ii696 Words   |  3 Pagescolor shoes I wanted. 2. If a cat falls (of / off) the counter, it will land on its feet. 3. Make sure you do (your / you’re) homework right after school. 4. I talked (to / too / two) my brother yesterday. 5. (Are / Our) you going to be on (are / our) baseball team? 6. He bought (to / too / two) speakers (to / too / two) complete his stereo system. 7. I saw (their / there / they’re) mom sitting (their / there / they’re). 8. I think (their / thereRead MoreEssay The Shy Girl894 Words   |  4 PagesThe Shy Girl Ever since I can remember, I was naturally quiet and shy. I constantly repeated myself because people could not hear me the first time. Even then, I seldom made eye contact with others. When I entered high school, nothing changed. Soon afterward, I disliked the way my classmates thought of me. If someone had to make an announcement in class, I was not chosen; my classmates believed I was not vocal enough. If someone threw a party, I was not invited because they thought ShyRead MoreMy Experience At The Gym For A Physical Education ( P.e ) Essay988 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"If everything is quiet, it is assumed that all is well. This is why many normal children-considering what kind of intelligence is expected and what till be rewarded here-becomes passive, quiet, obedient, dull. The environment practically demands it (Ayers, 64).† One thing that I don’t understand is why P.E. chose the field that they did, if they want and expect their students to be quiet during P.E. class. I personally believe that children are not meant to sit still and be quiet all day. When itRead MoreAll Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque781 Words   |  3 PagesAll Quiet on the Western Front is a short bo ok, but remarkably deep. More than 50 years after its jolting prose, haunting poetry, and powerful truths slashed their way into the consciousness of a worldwide readership, All Quiet still stands at the forefront of a host of novels on that most tragic recurrence in the history of human experience: war. All the aspects of trench warfare are present—excitement, boredom, horror, hunger, fear, dirt, alienation, imminent death, futility, to name a few. AllRead MoreInformative Speech : The Funny Thing About Introverts1144 Words   |  5 PagesAudience Relevance: Introversion is a personality trait, which is viewed as quiet. The words introversion and extroversion came from Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Carl Jung. C. Speaker Credibility: Remember in middle school and high school when you use to vote most likely or this person is? Remember there would be a category of who was shy or quiet? That would always be me. Or people would ask me why or say that I’m so quiet. Does it bother me? No not really, it’s true. It can be annoying thoughRead MoreInformative Speech : Introverts 1152 Words   |  5 PagesAudience Relevance: Introversion is a personality trait, which is viewed as quiet. The words introversion and extroversion came from Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Carl Jung. C. Speaker Credibility: Remember in middle school and high school when you use to vote most likely or this person is? Remember there would be a category of who was shy or quiet? That would always be me. Or people would ask me why or say that I’m so quiet. Does it bother me? No not really, it’s true. It can be annoying thoughRead MoreCharles Bukowski: Cynical Critic1054 Words   |  5 Pagesunderwear too, and quiet clean girls in gingham dresses. These poems reinforce Bukowski as a cynical critic of the bourgeois society, often targeting women; it would be foolish to blind ones opinion on whether he was anti-American or not, as such generalizations rarely fit an individual perfectly. Why Charles Bukowski criticizes and mocks conformed societies can be uncovered through the analysis of his life. Charles Bukowski (1920-1994) was born in post-World War I Germany, but soon after immigratedRead MorePersonal Essay : Running In Circles914 Words   |  4 PagesRunning in Circles The Place Right next to my school is a small, quiet, part of town. Only at night would it ever grow loud with fans and bright with lights. People gather and cheer their hearts out for their home team. The field was an outlet for the players. Yet no one ever noticed what surrounded the field; the track, a small, quiet part of the town where people go to think, train, or simply run. What I Notice Going to a track meet for the first time and watching runners pour their heartsRead More Comparing Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night and After a Time823 Words   |  4 Pages Comparing Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night and After a Timenbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp; Dylan Thomas Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night and Catherine Davis After a Time demand comparison: Davis poem was written in deliberate response to Thomas. Davis assumes the readers familiarity with Do Not Go Gentle, which she uses to articulate her contrasting ideas. After a Time, although it is a literary work in its own right, might even be thought of as serious parody--perhapsRead MoreHorror, Effects, And Nationalism1076 Words   |  5 PagesNationalism Today s horror came from the effects of nationalism that affects our country. Three themes in All Quiet on the Western Front are horror of war, effects on war on the soldier, and nationalism. World War I all started because of the assassination of Franz Ferdinand the archduke of Austria-Hungary. A group of alliances between major powers was blamed and went to war. All Quiet on the Western Front was about this teenager named Paul Baumer and several of his friends being enlisted into

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Tibet Through Chinese Eyes Free Essays

Tibet through Chinese Eyes You must have heard about all sorts of tales about Chinese invasion of Tibet or the sympathy towards Tibet’s independent movement spread in western media. The pro-Tibet separatists act radically under the shielding of hostile westerners who even don’t know where Tibet is located geographically, not to say the long aged Chinese sovereignty of Tibet, the strenuous efforts of Chinese government made on developing it and the profound improvements of the Tibetan living standard. Chinese Sovereignty of Tibet The pro-Tibet groups, claiming â€Å"Free Tibet† and behaving out of control, accuse that China has intruded Tibet through armed aggression. We will write a custom essay sample on Tibet Through Chinese Eyes or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, the matter of fact is that the Chinese sovereignty on Tibet has lasted for 700 years. Why did Chinese army invade China? For those aggressive pro-Tibet advocators, please read the history before jumping to a misleading conclusion. Since Yuan Dynasty, Tibet has been an autonomous of China. In 1904, Britain sent out a formal instruction classifying Tibet as â€Å"a province of Chinese Empire†. In 1911, Republic of China was founded. The first provisional constitution of the new government stipulated that Tibet was part of China’s territory. After that, the prime minister of Indian delivered a speech in 1954, saying â€Å"Over the past several hundred years, as far as I know, at no time has any foreign country denied China’s sovereignty over Tibet. † Up till now, all historical documents and enacted laws recognize that Tibet is a legal territory of China. To put it simple, Tibet to China is like what California to America. If someday Arnold Schwarzenegger stirred up a war to free California, would the U. S government renounce its sovereignty over California regardless of its meticulous care devoted to developing this state? The answer will be no, since the issue of sovereignty is beyond negotiation, not to mention a territory belonging to a country who has taken care of it for 700 years. Chinese Government’s Endeavors Before the democratic reform, Tibet was in a serf system. People there were dishonorably exploited and laid heavy burden on. Serf-owners’ revolt triggers a revolution conducted by the Chinese government to liberate the serfs by abolishing serfdom. Under the redoubled efforts of Chinese government, including agriculture development, religion preservation, tourism exploitation and educational popularization, Tibet experiences never-ending changes and improvements. According to national statistical service, the Tibetan population has doubled to 2. 6 million in the end of 2000 compared with only 1. 2 million in 1952; much of this being attributed to the improved sensational condition and living style since the reforms at the beginning under the Chinese governance, which also contributes to a decrease in infant mortality rate from 430/1000 in 1951 to 35. /1000 in 2000 and a longer average life expectancy of 65 years in 2001 while 35 years when Tibet was still in serfdom. The statistics above, reflecting an increasingly better live of Tibetans, terminate those rumors claiming that Chinese government has interfered with Tibet’s development. Instead, the strenuous efforts and advancing achievements demonstrate that our governme nt is concerning about Tibet and is able to bring Tibetans prosperous life. Even if Tibet attained its independence, people there would not lead a life as affluent as current status. The secrets are as follows. Conspiracy behind Tibet Freedom Before the revolution taken by the Chinese government, Dalai Lama was the aristocrat while the ordinary and innocent Tibetans were serfs. Land was granted by the aristocrat to the peasant, on condition that he paid a service (or feudal duty) to his superior, which means Dalai Lama had the right to idle his life while earned a living by exploiting serfs. To change this lagging policy, the Chinese government started a campaign of agrarian reform, including land recovery back to peasants for agricultural usage. Hence, the privilege of Dalai was disfranchised and then his ambitions drove him to rebellion, attempting vainly to be a lord again. However, the Chinese government has not compromised in the least on this matter. We do not allow any attempts to set Tibet back to serfdom. With the sovereignty of Tibet, China has the power and responsibility to help innocent Tibetans out of miserable backward life. As is known to all, China is a country with 56 different nationalities. What we are striving for is to develop harmoniously as a unit. The goal of the Chinese government, while a struggle, is in no way to shackle Tibet in all diversity, but to head forward side by side like a family. With the accredited sovereignty, the unremitting endeavors and the powerful national strength, China has adopted an uncompromising posture on the Tibet issue, for after all we are reluctant to witness the life deterioration of Tibetans who have been our countrymen for 700 years and will be so forever. How to cite Tibet Through Chinese Eyes, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Prozac Effects Essays - Peter D. Kramer, Prozac, Tess,

Prozac Effects Peter D. Kramer, M.D. tells of his first experience with Prozac involving a woman named Tess. Tess was the eldest of 10 children, born to a passive mother and an alcoholic father. Tess was physically and sexually abused as a child. When Tess was 12 her father dies and her mother entered a clinical depression from which she never recovered. Tess was then left to take over the family. Later in life Tess made a business career out of her skills at driving, inspiring, and nurturing others. She was very unhappy in her personal life. Tess struggled from one abusive married man to another. Despite psychotherapy, she was progressively less energetic and more unhappy. Dr. Kramer's first visit with Tess showed she had all the symptoms of clinical depression and she wanted to end her life. Dr. Kramer prescribed Prozac for Tess to terminate her depression and return her to her "premorbid self." Dr. Kramer's goal was to not transform Tess but to restore her. Two weeks after using Prozac, Tess reported she was no longer feeling weary. She confessed she had been depleted of energy for as long as she could remember and realized she had been depressed all her life. Tess once again was able to get her social life back. Dr. Kramer took Tess off Prozac after nine months and she continued to do well. Tess did admit she didn't seem as sharp or energetic after discontinuing the medicine. Then, after about eight months off Prozac, Tess felt she was slipping. She liked the feeling of stability that Prozac gave her. Dr. Kramer was then left to decide whether or not to prescribe Prozac to a patient who was not depressed. Again on Prozac, Tess responded as she had hoped, self-assurance, renewed confidence, and social comfort. Not all patients on Prozac respond this way. Some are unaffected, some merely recover from depression as they might on any medication. But a few are transformed.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

New Zealand Births, Deaths Marriages Available Online

New Zealand Births, Deaths Marriages Available Online For individuals researching their New Zealand whakapapa (genealogy), the  New Zealand Ministry of Internal Affairs offers  online access to New Zealands historical birth, death and marriage records. To protect the privacy of living people, the following historic data is available: Births that occurred at least 100 years ago Stillbirths that occurred at least 50 years ago (officially recorded since 1912) Marriages that occurred at least 80 years ago Deaths that occurred at least 50 years ago, or the deceaseds date of birth was at least 80 years ago Information Available Via Free Search Searches are free and generally provide enough information to help you ascertain that you have the correct individual, although information collected prior to 1875 is fairly minimal. Search results typically provide: Births - registration number, given name(s), family name, mothers given name (not maiden name), fathers given name, and whether a the birth was a stillbirth. Expect to find a large number of births with no given name recorded for the child. Births were required to be registered within 42 days, yet children were often not named until they were baptized.   Deaths - registration number, given name(s), family name, date of birth (since 1972) or age at death Marriages - registration number, brides given name(s) and family name, and grooms given name(s) and family name. Parents for the bride and groom can often be found after late 1880/early 1881. You can sort search results by clicking on any of the headings.   What to Expect from a Purchased Printout or Certificate Once you find a search result of interest, you can either purchase a printout to be sent via email,  or an official paper certificate sent through postal mail. The printout is recommended for non-official research purposes (especially for registrations after 1875) because there is room for  more information on a printout than can be included on a certificate. The printout is typically a  scanned image of the original record, so will contain all the information that was provided at the time the event was registered. Older records which have been since updated or corrected may be sent as a typed printout instead. A printout will include additional information that is not available through search: Births 1847–1875:  when and where born; given name (if provided); sex; name and surname of father; name and maiden surname of mother; rank or profession of father; signature, description and residence of the informant; date registered; and signature of the deputy registrar   Births post 1875:  when and where born; given name (if provided); whether child was present at the time of registration; sex; name and surname of father; rank or profession of father; age and birthplace of father; name and maiden surname of mother; age and birthplace of mother; when and where parents were married;  signature, description and residence of the informant; date registered; and signature of the deputy registrar.  Information available for births recorded in the MÄ ori Registers (1913 – 1961)  may be slightly different. Deaths 1847–1875: when and were died; name and surname; sex; age; rank or profession; cause of death;  signature, description and residence of th e informant; date registered; and signature of the deputy registrar   Deaths post 1875:  when and were died; name and surname; sex; age; rank or profession; cause of death; duration of last illness; medical attendant who certified the cause of death and when they last saw the deceased; name and surname of father; name and maiden name (if known) of the mother; rank or occupation of the father; when and where buried; name and religion of minister or name of witness to the burial; where born; how long in New Zealand; where married; age at marriage; name of spouse; children (including number, age and sex of living children); signature, description and residence of the informant; date registered; and signature of the deputy registrar. Information available for deaths recorded in the MÄ ori Registers (1913 – 1961) and War Deaths from WWI and WWII may be slightly different. Marriages 1854–1880: when and where married; name, surname, age, rank or profession, and marital condition of the groom;  name, surname, age, rank or profession, and m arital condition of the bride; name and signature of officiating minister (or Registrar); date of registration; signatures of bride and groom; and signatures of the witnesses. Marriages post 1880: when and where married; name, surname, age, rank or profession, and marital condition of the groom;  name, surname, age, rank or profession, and marital condition of the bride; if widow/widower, the name of former wife or husband; birthplace of bride and groom, residence (present and usual) of the bride and groom; fathers name and surname; fathers rank or profession; mothers name and maiden surname; name and signature of officiating minister (or Registrar); date of registration; signatures of bride and groom; and signatures of the witnesses.  Information available for marriages recorded in the MÄ ori Registers (1911 – 1952)  may be slightly different. How Far Back are New Zealand Births, Marriages and Deaths Available? Official registrations of births and deaths began in New Zealand in 1848, while marriage registration began in 1856. The website also has some earlier records, such as church and place registers, dating back as early as 1840. Dates for some of these early registrations may be misleading  (e.g marriages from 1840–1854 may appear with a registration year of 1840).   How Can I Access More Recent Birth, Death or Marriage Records? Non-historical (recent) records of New Zealand births, deaths and marriages can be ordered by individuals with a verified RealMe identity, a verification service available to New Zealand citizens and immigrants. They can also be ordered by members of  organizations approved by the New Zealand Registrar-General.   For a fascinating historical overview of the keeping of New Zealands registers of births, deaths and marriages, see the free PDF version of Little Histories, by  Megan Hutching of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race and Animal Cruelty

The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race and Animal Cruelty The Iditarod Trail dog sled race is a sled dog race from Anchorage, Alaska to Nome, Alaska, a route that is over 1,100 miles long. Aside from basic animal rights arguments against using dogs for entertainment or to pull sleds, many people object to the Iditarod because of the animal cruelty and deaths involved. â€Å"[J]agged mountain ranges, frozen river, dense forest, desolate tundra and miles of windswept coast . . . temperatures far below zero, winds that can cause a complete loss of visibility, the hazards of overflow, long hours of darkness and treacherous climbs and side hills.† This is from the official Iditarod website. The death of a dog in the 2013 Iditarod has prompted race organizers to improve protocols for dogs removed from the race. History of the Iditarod The Iditarod Trail is a National Historic Trail and was established as a route for dog sleds to access remote, snowbound areas during the 1909 Alaskan gold rush. In 1967, the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race began as a much shorter sled dog race, over a portion of the Iditarod Trail. In 1973, race organizers turned the Iditarod Race into the grueling 9-12 day race that it is today, ending in Nome, AK. As the official Iditarod website puts it, â€Å"There were many who believed it was crazy to send a bunch of mushers out into the vast uninhabited Alaskan wilderness.† The Iditarod Today The rules for the Iditarod require teams of one musher with 12 to 16 dogs, with at least six dogs crossing the finish line. The musher is the human driver of the sled. Anyone who has been convicted of animal cruelty or animal neglect in Alaska is disqualified from being a musher in the Iditarod. The race requires the teams to take three mandatory breaks. Compared to previous years, the entry fee is up and the purse is down. Every musher who finishes in the top 30 receives a cash prize. Inherent Cruelty in the Race According to the Sled Dog Action Coalition, at least 136 dogs have died in the Iditarod or as a result of running in the Iditarod. The race organizers, the Iditarod Trail Committee (ITC), simultaneously romanticize the unforgiving terrain and weather encountered by the dogs and mushers, while arguing that the race is not cruel to the dogs. Even during their breaks, the dogs are required to remain outdoors except when being examined or treated by a veterinarian. In most U.S. states, keeping a dog outdoors for twelve days in freezing weather would warrant an animal cruelty conviction, but Alaskan animal cruelty statutes exempt standard dog mushing practices: This section does not apply to generally accepted dog mushing or pulling contests or practices or rodeos or stock contests. Instead of being an act of animal cruelty, this exposure is a requirement of the Iditarod. At the same time, Iditarod rules prohibit â€Å"cruel or inhumane treatment of the dogs.† A musher may be disqualified if a dog dies of abusive treatment, but the musher will not be disqualified if â€Å"[T]he cause of death is due to a circumstance, nature of the trail, or force beyond the control of the musher. This recognizes the inherent risks of wilderness travel.† If a person in another state forced their dog to run over 1,100 miles through ice and snow and the dog died, they would probably be convicted of animal cruelty. It is because of the inherent risks of running the dogs across a frozen tundra in sub-zero weather for twelve days that many believe the Iditarod should be stopped. The official Iditarod rules state, â€Å"All dog deaths are regrettable, but there are some that may be considered unpreventable.† Although the ITC may consider some dog deaths unpreventable, a sure way to prevent the deaths is to stop the Iditarod. Inadequate Veterinary Care Although race checkpoints are staffed by veterinarians, mushers sometimes skip checkpoints and there is no requirement for the dogs to be examined. According to the Sled Dog Action Coalition, most of the Iditarod veterinarians belong to the International Sled Dog Veterinary Medical Association, an organization that promotes sled dog races. Instead of being impartial caregivers for the dogs, they have a vested interest, and in some cases, a financial interest, in promoting sled dog racing. Iditarod veterinarians have even allowed sick dogs to continue running and compared dog deaths to the deaths of willing human athletes. However, no human athlete has ever died in the Iditarod. Intentional Abuse and Cruelty Concerns about intentional abuse and cruelty beyond the rigors of the race are also valid. According to an  ESPN article: Two-time runner-up Ramy Brooks was disqualified from the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race for abusing his dogs. The 38-year-old Brooks hit each of his 10 dogs with a trail marking lathe, similar to a surveyors stake, after two refused to get up and continue running on an ice field [...] Jerry Riley, winner of the 1976 Iditarod, was banned for life from the race in 1990 after he dropped a dog in White Mountain without informing veterinarians the animal was injured. Nine years later, he was allowed back in the race. One of Brooks’ dogs later died during the 2007 Iditarod, but the death was believed to be unrelated to the beating. Although Brooks was disqualified for beating his dogs, nothing in the Iditarod rules prohibits mushers from whipping the dogs. This quote from  The Speed Mushing Manual, by Jim Welch, appears on the Sled Dog Action Coalition: A training device such as a whip is not cruel at all but is effective [...] It is a common training device in use among dog mushers [...] A whip is a very humane training tool [...] Never say whoa if you intend to stop to whip a dog [...] So without saying whoa you plant the hook, run up the side Fido is on, grab the back of his harness, pull back enough so that there is slack in the tug line, say Fido, get up immediately rapping his hind end with a whip. As if dog deaths were not enough, the rules allow mushers to kill moose, caribou, buffalo, and other large animals â€Å"in defense of life or property† along the race. If the mushers were not racing in the Iditarod, they wouldn’t encounter wild animals defending their territory. Breeding and Culling Many of the mushers breed their own dogs for use in the Iditarod and other sled dog races. Few dogs can become champions, so it is common practice to  cull  the unprofitable dogs. An email from former musher Ashley Keith to the Sled Dog Action Coalition explains: When I was active in the mushing community, other mushers were open with me about the fact that larger Iditarod kennels frequently disposed of dogs by shooting them, drowning them or setting them loose to fend for themselves in the wilderness. This was especially true in Alaska, they said, where veterinarians were often hours away. They often used the phrase Bullets are cheaper. And they noted that its more practical for mushers in remote parts of Alaska to do it themselves. The Mushers Although the mushers endure some of the same harsh conditions faced by the dogs, the mushers decide voluntarily to run the  race and are fully aware of the risks involved. The dogs do not make such decisions knowingly or voluntarily. The mushers can also voluntarily decide to drop out and walk away when the race is too difficult. In contrast, individual dogs are dropped from the team when they are sick, injured or dead. Furthermore, the mushers are not whipped if they are going too slow. Changes After Dog Death in 2013 In the 2013 Iditarod, a dog named Dorado was removed from the race because he was moving stiffly. Dorados musher, Paige Drobny, continued the race and, following standard protocol, Dorado was left outside in the cold and the snow at a checkpoint. Dorado died of asphyxiation after being buried in snow, although seven other dogs who were also covered in snow survived. As a result of Dorados death, race organizers plan to build dog shelters at two checkpoints and also check on the dropped dogs more frequently. More flights will also be scheduled to transport dropped dogs from checkpoints that are not accessible via roads. What Can I Do? You dont have to be a member of PETA to believe in animal rights. Even with the entry fee, the Iditarod loses money on each musher, so the race relies on money from corporate sponsors. Urge the sponsors to stop supporting animal cruelty, and boycott sponsors of the Iditarod. The Sled Dog Action Coalition has a  list of sponsors  as well as a  sample letter.